When a child is born to a U.S. citizen outside of the United States, the child may also be a U.S. citizen. Ordinarily, parents should document the child’s citizenship as soon as possible by applying for a Consular Report of Birth Abroad and a U.S. passport.
If you are now 18 or over, however, a Consular Report of Birth Abroad can no longer be issued. Nevertheless, if you were born to a U.S. citizen parent and you are 18 or over, you may still be eligible for a U.S. passport.
U.S. laws governing citizenship of foreign-born children are complex. The key question in most cases is whether your U.S. citizen parent(s) spent sufficient time in the United States before your birth so as to transmit citizenship to you. The amount of time your parent(s) must have spent in the United States varies depending on the case. When you apply for your passport, you will have to present evidence that your parent(s) spent the required amount of time in the United States before your birth.
If you are 18 or over and were born outside of the United States, and you believe you may be a U.S. citizen based on the citizenship of your parent(s), you must make an appointment online here. When you come to the Embassy, please have the following information with you:
- DS 11 (PDF 97KB) Application for a U.S. Passport
- DS 2029 (PDF 61KB) Application for Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States of America
- your full name, date of birth, and place of birth
- the full names and birth dates of both of your parents, if known
- the citizenship of your parents at the time of your birth
- whether your parents were married to each other at the time of your birth
- an estimate of the amount of time your U.S. citizen parent(s) spent in the United States or territories (including U.S. government service overseas) before your birth, including any documents that prove their physical presence in the U.S. (tax, medical, education records, etc.)
- your current and prior passports or other government-issued identity documents
- the name and date of birth for any of your brothers or sisters who were born abroad and have previously been documented as U.S. citizens
- any other information you think would help us understand the facts of your case.