ONDCP Releases Data on Coca Cultivation and Production in the Andean Region

On June 25, the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy released the U.S. government’s estimates for coca cultivation and cocaine production potential in Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia.   

In 2020, the Colombian government eradicated more than 130,000 hectares of coca and interdicted nearly 580 metric tons of cocaine and cocaine base. Notwithstanding this unprecedented amount of work, ONDCP estimates that coca cultivation and cocaine production increased.  While the estimates reflect an increase in global drug volume and the size of the drug trade, the U.S.-Colombia counternarcotics partnership remains strong, resulting in record eradication and interdiction levels in 2020.

The United States and Colombia recognize that narcotics trafficking must be addressed through a holistic approach that includes a combination of investments in environmentally sustainable rural development that supports licit economies, Peace Accord implementation, security and law enforcement, anti-money laundering prosecutions, interdiction of drugs and precursor chemicals, and coca eradication. 

As part of our shared commitment, the Biden-Harris administration is also investing significant funding in public health strategies at home to prevent drug use and addiction.

At a Wednesday preparatory meeting of the bilateral Counter Narcotics Working Group, the United States and Colombia recommitted to our longstanding partnership on counternarcotics cooperation. Please see the press statement related to that meeting here: https://co.usembassy.gov/the-u-s-and-colombia-reviewed-positive-advances-in-counternarcotics-efforts-and-recommit-to-continued-cooperation/

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Office of National Drug Control Policy

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
June 25, 2021

ONDCP Releases Data on Coca Cultivation and Production in the Andean Region

Washington D.C. – Today the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) released the results of the annual United States Government estimates measuring coca cultivation and potential cocaine production for the Republic of Colombia, Republic of Peru, and the Plurinational State of Bolivia.

“The Biden-Harris Administration is working with our partners in South America to advance holistic approaches to reduce the supply of cocaine and strengthen local communities,” said Acting Director of National Drug Control Policy Regina LaBelle. “We all must do more to disrupt drug trafficking and promote evidence-based policies to bring security, public services, and infrastructure into the primary coca-growing regions and promote alternative livelihoods within farming communities. The Biden-Harris Administration is also investing significant funding in public health strategies at home to prevent drug use and addiction.”

 Colombia

 The U.S.-Colombia counternarcotics partnership remains strong. In addition to efforts to increase public security, safety, and economic opportunities, the Colombian Government reported a record 130,000 hectares (ha) of manual eradication and nearly 580 metric tons of cocaine and cocaine base seized in 2020.  They also faced several obstacles during that time that impacted their overall efforts to reduce coca cultivation, including increased violence in rural areas and high rates of COVID-19.  During this time, the coca cultivation and cocaine production numbers reached a record 245,000 hectares and 1,010 metric tons, respectively.  These trends show the need to increase holistic approaches that combine economic development, increased government presence and citizen security, interdiction, and eradication in key rural areas to reduce cocaine production sustainably and build peace in conflict-affected areas.

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Cultivation
(Hectares)
100,000 83,000 78,000 80,500 112,000 159,000
Production Potential
(Metric Tons)
329 273 263 279 353 564

 

2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Cultivation
(Hectares)
188,000 209,000 208,000 212,000 245,000
Production Potential
(Metric Tons)
775 906 877 936 1,010

 

Peru

The Government of Peru remains a committed partner of the United States in reducing coca cultivation and cocaine production.  The country faced significant challenges in 2020, including one of the world’s highest COVID-19 death rates and a significant economic downturn due to the pandemic.  The pandemic also presented significant obstacles to the Peruvian Government’s efforts to provide alternative livelihoods to former coca farmers, build transportation infrastructure in underdeveloped areas, and bring safety and security to rural Peruvians. There also was a months-long pause on eradication efforts in 2020 due to the country’s COVID-19 quarantine restrictions. During this time, coca cultivation and cocaine production reached a record high level of 88,200 hectares.

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Cultivation
(Hectares)
53,000 49,500 50,500 59,500 46,500 53,000
Production Potential
(Metric Tons)
369 385 388 460 409 445

 

2017 2018 2019 2020
Cultivation
(Hectares)
49,800 52,100 72,000 88,200
Production Potential
(Metric Tons)
481 527 649 810

 

Bolivia

Bolivia’s coca cultivation totaled 39,400 hectares in 2020, a slight decrease of around seven percent since 2019, but still near record high levels.  Commensurate cocaine production potential remained steady at 312 metric tons.

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Cultivation
(Hectares)
29,000 25,500 25,000 27,000 35,000 36,500
Production Potential
(Metric Tons)
216 213 174 188 236 268

 

2016
2017 2018 2019 2020
Cultivation
(Hectares)
37,500 31,000 32,900 42,180 39,400
Production Potential
(Metric Tons)
284 246 251 301 312

 

President Biden has identified addiction and overdose as a public health priority in the United States. In its first-year drug policy priorities, the Biden-Harris Administration outlined a strategy that includes expanding access to prevention, treatment, harm reduction, and recovery support services. President Biden’s American Rescue Plan was a down payment on these priorities, investing nearly $4 billion in behavioral health and substance use disorder supports. The President’s FY22 budget request calls for $10.7 billion to support research, prevention, treatment, harm reduction, and recovery support services, with targeted investments to meet the needs of populations at greatest risk for overdose and substance use disorder.

The FY22 budget request also includes significant investments in reducing the supply of illicit substances. In particular, it includes important increases in interdiction efforts, which include air and maritime activities to seize drugs in transit and deter access to routes, enhancements of source nations’ ability to interdict drugs, and efforts along the United States border to interdict the flow of drugs. The FY22 request also continues to support efforts to strengthen source country programs that address drug trafficking and corruption, strengthen the rule of law and anti-corruption activities, promote human rights, and support development programs in communities across the region.

White House Office of National Drug Control Policy | WhiteHouse.gov/ONDCP | @ONDCP